Garci Manuel de Carbajal, Spanish conquistador, was the founder of the Spanish city of Arequipa on August 15, 1540, with the name "Villa Hermosa de Arequipa". The city of Arequipa is the capital of the department of Arequipa, surrounded by the Chili River and is located on the slopes of the volcano Misti 5.822 m. (19.101 feet), and very close to 6.075 meters Chachani (19.931 feet) and 5.425 Pichupichu m.s.n.m. (17.798 feet). Also known as the "White City" by the numerous and magnificent constructions of temples, monasteries, mansions and palaces in white ashlar sculpted as filigree. It also has excellent weather almost 300 days of sunshine per year, with diaphanous blue sky. Also offers exquisite cuisine, beautiful scenery of beautiful countryside, majestic volcanoes, the Colca Valley, exciting challenges and adventures in Colca Canyon, nature reserves, and the warmth of a people friendly and ready for the tourist to enjoy and share its charms. Arequipa is the 2nd largest city of Perú and the most important in the south. It is the main pole of economic development through its many resources, and its irrigation projects that favor mainly to agriculture and livestock, dairy industry, leather and fabrics in alpaca and vicuña.
It is the most important and impressive religious monument of Peru. Founded September 1579 under the patronage of Saint Catherine of Siena and was closed to the world until 1970. It is the most important and impressive religious monument of Peru. Its construction in the sixteenth century on an over 20,000 square meters, has a large temple, cloisters, cells, fountains, an art gallery, gardens and important murals. This large monastery with internal streets reminiscent of old Spain, was a cloister select Join closing banned for four centuries. Attractive predominant is the Cathedral built in the middle of the seventeenth century neoclassical style basically, across from the Plaza Mayor de Armas, although it was built in 1621, in 1844 was partially consumed by fire and rebuilt by Lucas Poblete. Today it remains as it was rebuilt after an earthquake destroyed it in 1668. The interior houses an organ Belgian who won a prize at the Paris Exposition Universelle, a carved pulpit by boisini'Rigot in Lille (France) in 1879 and the high altar of Carrara marble. One of the towers was badly damaged in the 2001 earthquake. Which was rebuilt. It is one of 70 churches in the world authorized to display the flag of the Vatican.
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